Lewis's famed but apparently disorganised Chronicles of Narnia have an underlying symbolic coherence, pointing to such possible unifying themes as the seven sacraments, the seven deadly sins, and the seven books of Spenser's Faerie Queene.
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Selected major works of Ibn 'Arabi Appendix 1 of The Unlimited Mercifier Ibn 'Arabi wrote at least works, ranging from the enormous Futuhat al Makkiyya, which fills thousands of pages of Arabic, to innumerable small treatises no more than a few pages long.
The folloowing selection has been made from what could be considered to be his major works, and may give the non-specialist an overview of the subject matter.
It has been done on the basis of what is most often mentioned in his own writing and is commonly available in printed form, but it must be borne in mind that it is by no means exhaustive. The two-volume classification of works compiled by Osman Yahyia inHistoire et Classification de l'Oeuvre d'Ibn 'Arabi,was the first, and to date the only, attaempt to assess the extent of Ibn 'Arabi's writings,but lack of time and resources meant that this inventory was necessarily full of ommissions.
The present selection is arranged under short titles and in approximate chronological order, although some of the works took many yyears to write and some were rewritten.
It describes a succession of fourteen contemplations in the form of dialogues with God and epiphanic visions. Al-Tadbirat al-ilahiyya RG Divine Government Written in the space of four days, this work was probably first composed before the Mashahid but reworked later.
It describes in rhymed prose his mystical ascension, meeting the spiritual realities of the prophets in the seven heavens and being brought to the fullest realisation of his own reality. Said to be the book that explains what all spiritual masters need to teach, it describes the three degrees of surrender islamfaith iman and true goodness ihsanaccording to three levels of realisation.
It includes a detailed discussion of how all the faculties and members of man participate in Divine praise. It describes the fundamentals of his metaphysics, discussing existence and non-existence, manifestation and non-manifestation, and the rank of the human being in the world, using diagrams and tables.
It comprises a collection of hadith qudsi divine sayings in three parts: The work itself conforms to the tradition that recommends the practice of preserving 40 hadiths for the community. It describes the four corner-stones of the Way: It contains three sections: Taj al-rasa'il RG The Crown of Epistles Written in in Mecca, it consists of eight love letters composed for the Ka'ba, each one corresponding to a theophany of a Divine Name which appeared in the course of the ritual circumambulations.
A series of short works, using an alphabetical numbering system, begun in Jerusalem in and composed over three years or more. Tanazzulat al-Mawsiliyya RG Descents of Revelation at Mosul Written in April in Mosul, it describes the esoteric secrets of the acts of worship in terms of ablution and prayer, and how each phase of this everyday ritual is imbued with meaning.
Far more than a simple presentation of Quranic passages, this is an extended meditation on each Sura of the Book. Kitab Ayyam al-sha'n RG 67 The Days of God's Work Composed sometime around or beforethis work is a meditation on the structure of Time and the ways in which the hours and days of the week interrelate.
It is founded on the Quranic verse "Every day God is at work". Kitab al-Tajalliyat RG The Book of Theophanies Written sometime before in Aleppo, it describes a series of theophanic visions on subjects such as Perfection, Generosity and Compassion, based on insights into the second Sura of the Quran.
The purpose of the work is to instruct the seeker on events that might occur in his journey. It is an extended meditation on the ninety-eighth Sura, describing the experience of mystical vision and the difference between people of real knowledge and people of intellect.
Tarjuman al-ashwaq RG Interpreter of Ardent Desires Compiled in Ramadan in Mecca, although written over a longer period, with a subsequent commentary composed later in the same year in Aleppo.
It comprises sixty-one love-poems dedicated to the person of Nizam, alluding to the real secrets of mystical love and prophetic inheritance.
It consists of brief definitions of the most important expressions in common use amongst the people of God. The work is a meditation on the meaning of the spiritual journey in general and the journeys of the prophets in particular. These journeys are without end, in this world and the next, and are described as "a reminder of what is within you and in your possession that you have forgotten".
It consists of sections devoted to individuals called 'Abd Allah, each of whom is described as being the "son" of a particular Divine Name and of a prophet. Apparently the work conforms to a hadith that man possesses characteristics, and explains the realisation of these characteristics in terms of the Divine Names.
Fusus al-Hikam RG Settings of the Wisdoms Written some time after a vision of the Prophet in in Damascus, and in accord with his the Prophet's order that it be written.
The twenty-seven prophets, beginning with Adam and ending with Muhammad, are like the settings of a ring, holding the jewel-stone of Wisdom, and represent all the different communities of humankind, under the spiritual jurisdiction of Muhammad, their Seal. It mentions some works and seventy of his teachers.
It describes his own spiritual affiliation and how he came to the Way. It also includes the initiations that he gave to others, most of those mentioned being women.
Awrad al-usbu RG 64 Prayers for the Week The date and place of composition are not known, although they were probably composed over several years.
They are organised for each day and night of the week, making a total of fourteen, written for private recitation and meditation. The printed edition, based on a different manuscript, seems to be a collection drawn up in chronological order by one of his close disciples or family.This beautiful writing journal provides the ultimate way to experience the genius of C.
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Twenty powerful dissertations on the spiritual path, the nature of the soul and the meaning of life. Pointed and pithy, these messages in many ways shake up some frequently held misconceptions about the spiritual life.
In Aid of Teaching James Joyce's "Araby" Jason Snart Jason is a professor of English at the College of DuPage. James Joyce's famous short story, "Araby," is familiar to many read-ers: a young boy, growing up in s Dublin, promises to his first "love" that he will go to the bazaar, enchantingly called Ara~, and return to her with a gift.
For Monkey and his companion Xuanzang, the answers to these questions were contained in the Buddhist scriptures they both so eagerly sought. Buddhism, Taoism and Confucianism are the three Chinese spiritual traditions that appear in this text. 1 Buddhism originated in India; Taoism and Confucianism in China.