All information relating to MLA style as presented on this Web site has been based on this authoritative publication from the Modern Language Association of America. Works Cited is sometimes referred to as References. These terms mean the same thing.
How to prepare an annotated bibliography Introduction This guide provides a basic introduction to the MLA citation style. This is a new edition of the book, and there are several significant changes to MLA style. The MLA Handbook is generally used for academic writing in the humanities.
The handbook itself covers many aspects of research writing including evaluating sources, the mechanics of writing, the format of the research paper, plagiarism, as well as the way to cite sources. This guide provides basic explanations and examples for the most common types of citations used by students.
For additional information and examples, refer to the MLA Handbook. Updates from the new edition Abbreviations: Based on the new edition, these words should be spelled out fully see Works cited - a translation.
Now, each author is listed only if a work has one or two authors see In-text citations - Multiple authors or no authors for examples In works cited entries, the city of publication and medium of publication e. Print, Web are no longer required. In works cited entries, the volume and issue number of journal articles used to be represented as follows: However, now they are represented as vol.
For sources you find online, include a URL or doi.
If possible, use a permanent link or a doi. Do not use URL shorteners e. In-text citations - General guidelines With in-text citations, you acknowledge a source by providing a brief reference to exactly where in the source you found the information.
The reader can then use the complete reference listed in the Works Cited page at the end of your paper to verify what you have written. Further examples and explanations are available in the MLA Handbook.
In most cases, providing the author's last name and a page number is sufficient. In response to rapid metropolitan expansion, urban renewal projects sought "an order in which more significant kinds of conflict, more complex and intellectually stimulating kinds of disharmony, may take place" Mumford According to Postman, broadcast news influences the decision-making process In-text citations - Multiple authors or no author If there are two authors, include the last name of each.
Winks and Kaiser If there are three or more authors, include the last name of the first author followed by "et al. Italicize the titles of books or entire web sites and place the titles of articles or individual web pages in quotation marks. Example of entire web site:Citefast is a FREE APA, MLA and Chicago citation generator.
Generate references, bibliographies, in-text citations and title pages quickly and accurately. Used by students and professionals. The following overview should help you better understand how to cite sources using MLA eighth edition, including the list of works cited and in-text citations.
The Online Writing Lab (OWL) at Purdue University houses writing resources and instructional material, and we provide these as a free service of the Writing Lab at Purdue. The Chicago Manual of Style/Turabian citation style includes two systems for citations: a notes and bibliography system and the author-date system.
The notes and bibliography system is most commonly used in history courses. This system uses footnotes/endnotes and a bibliography. Always check with your professor or teacher to confirm which [ ].
For the detailed information on citing sources using MLA style with many more examples, please use the official MLA Handbook. All information relating to MLA style as presented on this Web site has been based on this authoritative publication from the Modern Language Association of America.
A third characteristic is complexity and refers to the level of difficulty that the potential adopters encounter with the innovation. It is likely that the more complex or the more difficult an innovation is to understand, the less likely it will be adopted, and its diffusion will occur more slowly. Citation Machine™ helps students and professionals properly credit the information that they use. Cite sources in APA, MLA, Chicago, Turabian, and Harvard for free. Automatic works cited and bibliography formatting for MLA, APA and Chicago/Turabian citation styles. Now supports 7th edition of MLA.
CGOS Style – Columbia Guide to Online Style. A specialized style guide for citing and creating electronic sources. It is a a special manual that addresses the complications and peculiarities associated with online publishing and offers the rules of online citation to students, researchers and the wide public.