Women Led the Temperance Charge Scroll to read more The roots of what became Prohibition in started in the 19th century with the Temperance Movement, principally among women who protested against the abuse of alcohol and how it caused men to commit domestic violence against women. This illustration, published in a newspaper inshows women gathered in protest outside a local saloon. Courtesy of Library of Congress. Carrie Nation, circa
Thus, the WCTU was very interested in a number of social reform issues including: As the movement grew in numbers and strength, members of the WCTU also focused on suffrage. The WCTU was very instrumental in organizing women's suffrage leaders and in helping more women become involved in American politics.
Suffragists who emerged out of the WCTU used constitutional arguments to support their bid for enfranchisement and cited the Fourteenth Amendment.
They claimed that American adult women had the right to vote because they were individuals and were thus entitled to enjoy all the rights of an American individual. By making this argument, suffragists were perceived as less threatening to social order, appealed to American pride and were successful in presenting their message of extending voting rights to all American adults.
History and purpose The purpose of the WCTU is to combat the influence of alcohol on families and society. Frances Willarda noted feministwas its second president. They were inspired by the Greek writer Xenophon who defined temperance as "moderation in all things healthful ; total abstinence from all things harmful.
Should something be bad for you, it should be avoided altogether—thus their attempts to rid their societal surroundings of what they saw and still see as the dangers of alcohol, tobaccorecreational drugs, etc. InMatilda Bradley Carse became the president of the Chicago branch.
She started the Bethesda Day Nursery for working mothers, two kindergartens, the Anchorage Mission for erring girls, two dispensaries, two industrial schools, an employment bureau, Sunday schools, and temperance reading rooms.
In Letitia Youmans founded a nationwide organization which was to become the leading women's society in Canada's temperance movement. An Australian arm commenced operation in Australia init was important in both the temperance and women's suffrage movements.
This resulted in New Zealand women being granted universal suffrage in In addition to campaigning against alcoholthe WCTU addressed social ills stemming from drunkenness such as domestic violence.
It also campaigned for reforms that would improve the status of women in society, such as the right to vote. The WCTU was a major force in Prohibition-and was also influential in creating laws banning prostitution and recreational drugs in the United States. Although the WCTU had chapters throughout North America and had hundreds of thousands of members, it did not initially accept CatholicJewishor African-American women, or women who had not been born in North America.
Today that is no longer the case. In fact, today men may also join the organization as honorary members. In contrast to the WCTU's stated aims, not all large-scale Christian groups and movements believe the consumption of alcohol to be inconsistent with practice of Christianity.
Current status The main requirements for joining the WCTU include signing a pledge of abstinence from alcohol and paying membership dues. Current issues for the WCTU include alcoholwhich the organization considers to be North America's number one drug problem, illegal drugs, abortionand gay marriage.
The WCTU has warned against the dangers of tobacco since They continue to this day in their fight against those substances which they see as harmful to society. The WCTU strongly supports banning same-sex marriage, which it sees as a negative influence on families; in general it is opposed to gay rights.
Retrieved May 26, References Bordin, Ruth Birgitta Anderson. University of North Carolina Press, Temple University Press, Well-tempered women nineteenth-century temperance rhetoric. Southern Illinois University Press, One woman, one vote: Writing out my heart: Women in American history.
University of Illinois Press, ISBN External links.WOMAN'S CHRISTIAN TEMPERANCE UNION (WCTU) was dedicated to eliminating the consumption of alcohol. Founded in , the WCTU was the largest women's reform organization of the nineteenth century. Founded in , the WCTU was the largest women's reform organization of .
Christian Temperance Union (WCTU) presi-dent and social reformer Frances Willard met in July of that year, and this meeting ing scholar of the history of the World Woman’s Chris-tian Temperance Union in Ideas were circulating for an International Women’s Temperance Union as early as , but only informal work beyond U.S.
and. wctu The Women's Christian Temperance Union (WCTU) was founded in Cleveland, Ohio in The main objective of the WCTU was to persuade all states to prohibit the sale of alcoholic beverages.
WCTU leader and social reformer Wang Liming (also known as Liu-Wang Liming) was the leader of the Woman’s Christian Temperance Union (WCTU) in China for over thirty years and one of the nation’s leading female social reformers of the Republican period.
Aug 21, · Watch video · The Woman’s Christian Temperance Union (WCTU) was founded in November in Cleveland, Ohio. The Woman's Christian Temperance Union (WCTU) became the largest women's organization to date during the temperance movement of the late 19 th and early 20 th century.
All states in the Appalachian region had active state and local chapters of the WCTU.